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Bolognese (Italian lap-dog)

The Bolognese dog breed is one of the most recognizable in Europe. We constantly see such dogs in parks, on the streets, with owners of various ages, although for some reason traditionally they often become companions of older people. Despite its recognition and wide distribution across the European continent, many do not even suspect how old this breed is. The first written mentions in Italian books date back to the 13th century – 800 years to be human companions, which, you must admit, is a lot.

The Bolognese breed is a member of the Bichon family group, which consists of breeds:

Bichon Frize;
leochny;
Maltese lap-dog (maltese);
gavanese;
Coton de Tulear;
extinct by now Bichon Tenerife;
Russian colored lapdogs;
and, in fact, bolognese.
Accurate data on the origin of the Bolognese breed is not available, however, in medieval Italy, and in other countries of Europe of the 15-19th century, these little dogs with curly hair were loved by noble ladies and even noble gentlemen. This is somewhat reminiscent of the fashion for small dogs, which can be seen today, although now there is a much greater variety of breeds.

The great popularity of the breed in aristocratic houses of the Middle Ages is confirmed by numerous objects of art, especially paintings and tapestries of the 17-18 centuries. An example is the work of such great masters as Francisco Goya, Jean-Antoine Watteau and Nicholas Gosse. Among the owners of these dogs are Madame de Pompadour, Queen Catherine the Great, and Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. At the beginning of the 2000s, paradoxically, this breed was only just started to be registered by international registries.

Description
The breed of dogs Bolognese is small and curly hair. The head is round, the muzzle is slightly flattened, ears hang down on the cheeks. The legs are medium in length and proportional to the size of the body, although due to the volume of the coat it sometimes seems as if they are short. The body has a square shape, the tail is short, curved and pulled up. The color is white, the wool does not fade.

Personality
These are kind and lovely animals with a lively, open character. They like to play both with their family and with other dogs, and this trend continues not only at an early age, but also after maturation. On the other hand, they cannot be called hyperactive – they are quite balanced. The dog Bolognese creates a strong relationship with its owner and members of his family, loves attention, but also gives attention and affection to his beloved people in abundance.

When we say – love attention, we mean not only stroking, massage the abdomen, scratching behind the ears, affectionate words, etc. When you talk with your pet, spend time with him when he just lies nearby on the couch while you watch your favorite TV show, when he feels your care and attention – he is happy.

And, on the contrary, if the owner spends little time with his dog, and generally treats this more as a duty, the animal feels it and is sad. Bolognese is great for children, they like to play with them and walk on the street. Walking is generally a weakness of these dogs – they love to walk and, moreover, it is very good if you walk with other “dog lovers”. Bolognese get along well with dogs of all sizes, and even cats, although the latter are best introduced into the social circle from an early age.

This breed does not tolerate loneliness, and they can not be left alone for a long time. Even if you are a lonely owner and go to work every day, at least for 8-9 hours, it is better to think about another pet or another breed, since the Italian lap-dog will feel extremely uncomfortable, yearn, and generally lack attention and activity.

And this, as you yourself understand, leads to negative consequences for the psyche of the animal, which often directly affects the behavior and condition of your apartment. That is, the dog can become nervous, and in your absence to make an absolute mess at home, and even punishment will not help prevent this in the future.

Training
The breed of dogs Bolognese refers to the decorative, and therefore does not require training in special skills. Nevertheless, you definitely need to take care of correcting your pet’s behavior, as well as teaching several basic commands, such as “to me”, “sit”, “fu” (a cancellation command, it is needed, for example, when the pet wants to eat anything found under a bush of dubious appearance and smell).

Avoid monotony in the classroom, as the lap-dog will get tired of it quickly, as well as screaming and excessive severity. In principle, this can be finished, since even simple commands related to the action (“near”, “voice”, etc.), or more complex commands, are not needed for decorative breeds. This is necessary in rare cases when the dog is a companion to a person with special needs. To do this, hire a special trainer who performs the task based on specific conditions.

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