Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
As you know, now in Switzerland there are four dog breeds that are considered local property. And one of the oldest and most popular is the large Swiss Mountain Dog. They resemble the Appenzeller Sennenhund breed, but still have certain differences.
It is believed that they were brought in by Roman legionnaires during the time of Octavian Augustus (3rd century AD), or rather, not themselves, but their ancestors, from whom modern Swiss dog breeds originated. Their warlike ancestors resembled the present mastiffs, were large, fearless, and completely loyal to their masters. Among the local population, they gained great popularity due to their strength and versatility, as well as due to endurance and intelligence.
Locals used these dogs for a variety of purposes – as guards for cattle, as guards for the house, as a companion on the hunt, and even as a draft animal. And everywhere they showed their best, although, until today, they are used as shepherd dogs, and sometimes harnessed to a garden cart.
Until 1908, they were not considered a separate breed, however, Albert Heim, a dog breeder and researcher, an honorary member of the Swiss Kennel Club, once on an anniversary evening saw two large dogs, which the owner called Shorthair Bernese Mountain Dogs.
Despite the unusual name, Albert understood that these dogs belong to the Sennenhund family, although they have a somewhat peculiar appearance. He began to engage in their popularization, breeding and assignment of the status of a separate breed of dogs. Just a year later, in 1909, a new breed was included in the Swiss pedigree book – the large Swiss mountain dog.
The Swiss mountain dog has a large physique, a wide, massive chest and a wide, heavy bone. This breed has tremendous physical strength, powerful jaws and is gaining muscle mass. Feet slightly shorter than average, muscular, strong, tail long, usually drooping. The neck is thick, but not short, the muzzle is square, the ears hang down on the sides of the head on the cheekbones. The color combines black, brown and white.
The Swiss Mountain Dog has a balanced character, characterized by friendliness and openness. We can say that this is a big and strong man who loves children. But do not flatter yourself – if it occurs to you to offend a child from the family of this large and strong dog, or to offend its owner, you will have a hard time. For his family, the big Swiss mountain dog will give his life if necessary, since the defender’s instincts in this breed are extremely strong, and have roots dating back centuries.
They are very fond of various types of activity, walks, training, games, and blossom in the company of loved ones when they feel that they occupy an important place in the life of their family. These dogs need to know what they need, they can’t just uselessly spend days lying on a soft pillow near a bowl of food.
An ideal place to maintain a large Swiss is a private house with its own courtyard. Although the breed is highly active, nevertheless, it is a large dog, which also likes to spend time on the street – that’s it. On the other hand, they can in no way be called hyperactive – rather, the periods of activity and rest alternate, which makes the dog harmonious and full-fledged.
Strangers are taken with caution, but if they see the location of the owners, they act accordingly. They like to play with other dogs, cats are perceived normally if you are accustomed to their presence from an early age. The Swiss Mountain Dog is perfect as a guard dog, as it is quite territorial and has a suitable disposition. In addition, instincts and mind.
In any case, the Swiss Mountain Dog is a great companion for everyone, young and old. He has a developed mind, and therefore is well suited to learning and even needs it, as this will make his life more interesting and provide food for intelligence.
The Swiss Mountain Dog requires training and training, including because this dog feels an internal need for self-development and training. Such training should take place regularly, with consistency, and the process of personality maturation is from 2 to 3 years. This means that you will have enough time to form the character of the dog in the right way.
If you try using pressure, force and gross dominance to simply break the animal’s personality, firstly, it can lead to disastrous consequences, and secondly, it will be simply difficult to do because of the nature of this breed. Therefore, it is better for you to be patient, and gradually, guided by kindness, take the position of an authoritative leader in the minds of animals.
The Sennenhund breed needs both behavior correction and team training. Developed intelligence allows you to master both simple, basic, and complex teams with a lot of distracting factors.