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Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog is one of the very ancient breeds of dogs, which is estimated at about 2000 years old. This breed belongs to a group of four breeds that developed side-by-side in the Swiss Alps: appenzeller mountain dog, entlebucher mountain dog, a large Swiss mountain dog and Bernese mountain dog.

All 4 breeds came from the crossing of Molossians and Mastiffs, which the Romans brought with them when they invaded the Alps about 2000 years ago, with dogs of a universal type. They were used in various agricultural needs, in the protection and grazing of livestock. They were harnessed to small carts, mountain tribes hunted and attacked each other with them.

In the future, four breeds developed that have a similar appearance, but still have quite a few distinctive features. For many hundreds of years, the Bernese Mountain Dog has been a loyal friend and assistant to man. At the end of the 19th century, the number of farms in Switzerland decreased significantly, from 55% to 35%, which means that the need for these dogs decreased.

However, at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th, many dog ​​breeders were concerned about preserving the existing population of local dogs, as their numbers were declining. The club for dog owners called Berna was founded in 1899, first of all, it included the owners of 4 local breeds mentioned above.

In 1902, an exhibition was held in the city of Ostermundigen, sponsored by this club. The exhibition attracted attention to local rocks of breeders from around the world. In 1904, at the International Dog Show in Bern, the club sponsored a class of Swiss Shepherds – the Bernese Mountain Dog was also assigned to it. In the same year, the breed received the official status of the Swiss Kennel Club.

The Bernese Mountain Dog breed is a large-sized dog with a lot of hair. Color black with brown and white blotches. The physique is muscular, the rib cage is wide, the muzzle is elongated, the ears are medium in size, hanging down on the sides of the head. The tail is fluffy, long, does not stop.

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, kind dog that merges with his whole soul into his family. These dogs are very loyal, and try to help their owners in everything. Sometimes this is expressed in the fact that the dog just wants to be near you, because in many things she can’t help simply because it is a dog.

However, obviously, the genetic memory of previous generations, when the Bernese Mountain Dog was the first assistant to the Swiss villager, makes itself felt. The Bernese Mountain Dog can be used in different roles – as a guard dog, as a simple companion and friend for the whole family, in addition, he treats children very well and can sometimes replace your nanny. Although, if the child is too small, remember that the Bernese Mountain Dog is large and can accidentally knock the child down.

Always will be to protect the family, strangers are perceived normally. Other pets are normal, but they are best friends with cats at an early age. Keep in mind that these dogs like to bark and howl, especially if they live in a private house with their own yard. Therefore, in the process of training, pay great attention to the cancellation commands so that you can silence your dog at the right time.

A Bernese Mountain Dog breed needs activity, training, and generally physical activity, as they have a fairly high level of energy and a strong body. They are shy, so they need early socialization. Very smart, well aware of the owner and the mood in the family.

The Bernese Mountain Dog loves various trainings, and even feels an internal need for them. Usually, there is no problem with training this breed, as they genetically possess obedience, curiosity, and good memory. These dogs can be trained in various teams – it all depends on the desire of the owner.

You can start with simple commands and gradually move on to more complex ones. Be sure to combine training with training, using various types of physical activity. Since the dog has been used as a universal dog for many centuries, it has a tendency to various fields of application, and therefore, what your pet will become depends on you.

The Bernese Mountain Dog has long hair, molts, and needs to be combed thoroughly twice a week. Claws need to be cut about once a week or a little less. Eyes are cleaned every day or as needed; ears should be cleaned once or twice a week. Bathe the dog 1-2 times a week.

Common diseases
Since the breed developed for a long time in limited conditions with a small number of individuals and inbreeding took place, the Bernese Mountain Dog has a low life expectancy (about 8 years) and a number of health problems. Namely:

various forms of cancer – according to recent studies are quite common among the Bernese Mountain Dogs;
elbow dysplasia.

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