Anatolian Shepherd Dog (Turkish Kangal, Karabash)
The Anatolian Shepherd dog breed is one of the oldest, and, according to various archaeological studies, comes from hunting dogs that lived 4000 years BC. Their area of existence was located on the territory of Mesopotamia, which includes part of modern Turkey. Due to its outstanding qualities as a protector and guard, thanks to its great strength, fearlessness, and ability to withstand even large predators, this dog has earned the respect of ancient people.
We can say that the development of the breed took place naturally, due to the specifics of the activity and lifestyle that predetermined this activity. This includes the protection of livestock on pastures, the protection of households and hunting. Add to this also a difficult climate, a large number of dangers and, often, the need to wander along with their masters or herds moving along the Anatolian plateau. For many centuries of such a life, the breed has hardened and acquired a clear outline, which is largely preserved today.
The dog came to England thanks to the archeologist Charmian Hussey – he brought several individuals around 1970. Since then, the Anatolian Shepherd breed began to conquer the western world, having previously conquered the eastern, over many centuries of serving people.
By the way, these dogs are very much appreciated in Australia, where they appeared in 1985, and today it is very popular along with the breed of Australian kelpie. However, if the latter are used for grazing, the Anatolian shepherd performs protective functions directly inside the farmland.
A lively discussion is underway about whether the Anatolian Shepherd is an independent breed, or whether this name can describe a whole family of breeds that are similar to each other and living on the same territory. These include the dog Turkish Kangal, Akbash and others.
These are large dogs with a muscular physique. They have long, strong legs, a powerful chest, and a wide head with ears hanging on the front. The tail is fluffy, usually it does not stop. With a weight of about 60-70 kg, the dog at first glance does not look as massive as, for example, alabai (with similar weight), but this is a deceptive sensation. The coat has an undercoat.
A dog of the Anatolian Shepherd breed has enormous stamina and strength, and not only external, but also internal, that is – strength of character. It is not recommended to start inexperienced owners or people of timid temper. If you are just such a person, at least hire an experienced trainer to help raise your pet.
This character trait is due to the fact that the breed grew and developed over several thousand years in conditions of almost absolute loneliness. The dog was required to be on the protection of herds of cattle, without any special education and socialization. And therefore, in modern conditions, it is socialization and proper education that are necessary.
Nevertheless, the dog will in any case maintain its own independence – they keep a certain distance with strangers and unfamiliar guests of your house, observing what is happening from the outside. Sharp intelligence allows them to perfectly understand the owner and his requirements, but comments or rigor should be reasonable and fair.
This is a great guard who can easily stop a large person on the run, and at the cost of his life will protect the owner and his family. They have a tendency to innate aggression, but, along with this, there is kindness. If the Anatolian shepherd is too angry, it may even be difficult for you to stop her at the command – keep this in mind.
This breed loves walking, and generally loves spending time on the street, loves activity and games, needs training and communication. An ideal place for its maintenance is a private house with a courtyard, including because it is very territorial. The Anatolian Shepherd treats children and other domestic animals well, including cats. Although the latter should be introduced into the social circle from an early age.
Since this is an ancient breed with great internal strength, it will be very difficult for a owner with a weak character. After all, you need to have confidence in your actions and words, without fear of the response of the animal or its disobedience. It is this kind of inner confidence that is the key to dog consciousness.
Training should begin at about six months of age, and first achieve simple commands. To do this, you can even help the dog to take the desired position, combining this with the team to form a logical connection. Persistence and patience are important here – you must return the pet to the process without anger. After all, after 10 minutes he will want to play and run. At first it can be combined with games, but gradually it should become a serious occupation. Breaks should not be allowed.
Obedience and fulfillment of commands always go along with encouraging success and punishing misconduct; this is an axiom.