American water spaniel
The American water spaniel breed appeared in hunting farms along the Fox River and its tributary of the Wolf River in the early 19th century. At that far time, people developed new territories and hunting was an important part of their life and way of life. Accordingly, the hunters needed a dog that could get the game out of the water, find it in the dense thickets of shrubs and reeds.
That is, the dog had to be universal, to be able to help on water and on land, also, it had to be small in size so that it could be placed on a boat. In addition, the Fox River has very cold water for most of the year, which is why the animal was required to have appropriate wool.
The American Water Spaniel was originally known as the American Brown Spaniel – a small, tightly knocked down, with a fine flair and double, slightly curly hair that perfectly resists water, thorns and branches of the bush. This dog weighed up to 20 kg. Over time, the population declined, as people stopped using the hunt for survival, therefore, the number of hunters also decreased, and the need for highly specialized dogs was no longer needed.
In addition, the duck population in these areas also fell steadily down. It is believed that the American water spaniel is the basis of the breed that participated in the development of the Boykin Spaniel. The following breeds were used to create the American Water Spaniel:
English water spaniel;
Native American dog
Irish Water Spaniel;
Sussex Spaniel or other type of field spaniel.
In 1985, these dogs became the official breed of Wisconsin. They are not classified as retrievers or spaniels, and cannot participate in AKC field trials, but can participate in AKC hunting tests (spaniel and retriever tests) and AWSC-sponsored hunting retriever tests (ABC Club) in the United States. The breed is small, but in recent years there has been a small jump in popularity.
These are small dogs with a strong physique, a wide skull and hanging ears. Extremities of medium length. The wool is two-layer, it can be of two types – the first one is more curly, on the outer layer, the second lies in waves. The inner layer protects the dog from water, the outer layer from gross damage (thorns, branches, etc.). The breed standard states that eye color should be in harmony with coat color and cannot be yellow.
When the American water spaniel was just created as a breed, these dogs were distinguished by a peculiar disposition, stubbornness, strong hunting instincts and a clearly expressed, unfriendly attitude towards strangers. However, over time, the breeders carried out serious work on the selection and harmonization of the character of their dogs, so that individuals living in modern times have a more open, friendly and affectionate character.
However, the hunting instincts remained, as did some stubbornness. These dogs do not swim very fast, but they can do it long enough, having excellent endurance. They need activity, physical activity, walks, games and mental stimulation. Intelligence is well developed. The American water spaniel can sometimes actively show its position in life, express an opinion, be noisy and generally be in the spotlight. Much, of course, depends on upbringing and innate qualities.
Small animals and birds are perceived solely as prey – it is impossible to rid the dog of these properties, and it does not make sense. The attitude towards children is generally friendly. We can say that the American water spaniel is a classic example of a dog of the same family. If you transfer this pet in adulthood to another family, it will be disastrously difficult for him.
Moreover, even within his family, the animal often chooses, so to speak, the main owner, who will enjoy the special trust and obedience of the dog. Training is perceived well, giving preference to interesting, active training, devoid of uniformity. They adapt well to life in the apartment, with a sufficient number of walks and activity. With a deficiency can become destructive.
The breed American Water Spaniel is prone to the following diseases:
progressive retinal atrophy (inherited);
diseases of the glands, which causes baldness.