The American bulldog breed originated from the English bulldog around the end of the 17th – beginning of the 18th centuries, in America, when the colonists (and, subsequently, farmers) needed protection both in moving across the vast expanses of new land, and in grazing cattle. The main problem of farmers at that time and in that area was wild boars, various rodents, hares, foxes and wolves.
If cats were brought into the fight against rodents (you can read more about them here), then more serious helpers were needed to fight wild boars, foxes and wolves. Colonists, including those who arrived on the legendary Mayflower, brought cats and dogs with them.
Dogs – English bulldogs and dogs of undetermined breed (crossbreed), freely crossed among themselves, as a result of which the American bulldog appeared. He had many characteristic features of the English bulldogs, but was much larger (due to crossbreeding with large dogs of an indefinite breed), and therefore was better suited for defense and attack functions.
Slender, muscular, tall (up to 70 cm), these dogs have a very similar head structure to the English Bulldog. Ears are folded forward, but they are usually stopped at a young age. The chest is wide, the whole physique directly indicates the strength and innate qualities of a fighter and a guard. The colors may be different, but the most common are white and white with black spots.
The American Bulldog gains weight and muscle mass well. Today, there are three main types of dog American Bulldog. It:
bully or Classic, also known as Johnson type;
type Standard (aka Performance), which is called the type of Scott;
hybrids of the two above types.
Despite the innate qualities of a fighter and defender, these are very kind and easy-to-handle dogs. They get along well with children and people of any age, have an inexhaustible supply of energy, like to spend time on the street, like games and strength training. They perfectly integrate into any family, and can become a friend for a single owner, establishing strong relationships with their beloved people.
Although these dogs have a very friendly and open character, nevertheless, in dealing with them (and, especially, in the process of training and education), the same openness, justice and kindness are required. Inadequacy, unfair cries or beatings will extremely negatively affect the psyche of the animal.
The American Bulldog breed requires early socialization, especially if there is a child in the house. The same can be said about cats – a dog needs to be taught from an early age to the presence of a cat in the house, otherwise it will be much more difficult in the future. Despite the fact that the American bulldog feels normal in a city apartment, it is still preferable to keep him in a private house. So that the dog has constant access to the street, and can give output of its energy in various types of activity.
The American Bulldog is a very open and extremely active dog, from which one should proceed from upbringing. If the animal does not walk freely and get tired on the street from training and running around, he will not be able to realize his energy supply. This can lead to a variety of consequences – from enchanting mess in the house while you are at work, to disobedience to a walk, when the dog can run away and it will be necessary to look for it for several hours.
If you go for a walk, make a difference – in addition to standard stick throws, try to go for a run with the dog, teach it to teams, encouraging success. It is also important to communicate with other dogs on the street – that is, you can communicate with their owners, and your pet will be happy to play with new friends. In this regard, problems should not arise.
Short hair requires virtually no care; bathing can be done as needed, but at least once a week. Be sure to keep your ears and eyes clean and trim your claws.
In general, these are healthy animals with good immunity. But, an American bulldog can still be inclined:
To cataracts, demodicosis and hypothyroidism.
The breed may develop hip or elbow dysplasia, especially if the dogs gain weight too quickly in the first two years.
Some American bulldogs may suffer from brachycephalic syndrome and have difficulty coping with hot weather. Dogs with white or mostly white hair are more prone to sunburn and possibly skin cancer (in rare cases). A protective cream for dogs can help when they are outdoors for a long time.
Responsible breeders check individuals for hip dysplasia. This is why your puppy’s parents must have medical certificates for checking hip dysplasia, including an assessment of the condition of the hip joint.