Alaskan Malamute is a very strong, intelligent and ancient native dog that is used to survive in the harsh conditions of Alaska, at extremely low temperatures and minimal food. The history of the breed is inextricably linked with the ancient peoples inhabiting Siberia. Several thousand years ago, these dogs made the transition along with the tribes that migrated from Siberia to Alaska, and then settled in a new place.
Today we know the name of only one of the tribes – the Mahlemut. The tribe itself is now extremely small, if at all, but the ancient people preserved their memory thanks to this amazing breed of dogs that has survived to this day. The Makhlemuts, after a long journey, settled in the north-eastern part of the Seward Peninsula – this area is considered to be the birthplace of Alaskan Malamutes.
The ancient inhabitants of Alaska used dogs not only to drag heavy sledges. Their help was needed in seal hunting, protection from a polar bear, and also for housing protection. Indigenous peoples have always treated their dogs very well, they put their children to sleep with them so that it is warmer at night, and in general they treated them like family members.
In 1896, the Gold Rush began in Alaska – crowds of people from America and from around the world surged in search of gold. They brought other dogs, hardy, strong and resistant to low temperatures. This affected the purity of the Malamute breed, in addition, several nurseries appeared, each of which developed its own line of breed.
The first and most legendary nursery was founded by no less legendary man named Arthur T. Walden – the creator of the Chinook breed. In his kennel in New Hampshire, he also bred Alaskan Malamutes, delivering dogs on expeditions. His work was continued by Milton and Eva Seeley. They began to develop a variety of breed originating from dogs brought from the Norton Sound area in Alaska. This type of Alaskan Malamute was called “Kotzebue.”
It is also necessary to talk about the Malamute line, developed by Paul Felker Sr. He bought several individuals in Alaska in 1905 and in the 1920s. This type was called “M’Loot”. Malamutes from his nursery were used during the First and Second World Wars, in addition, they took part in the second expedition of Admiral Byrd.
The Alaskan Malamute Club of America was founded in 1935, and the American Kennel Club officially recognized this breed of dog the same year. During the Second World War, many Malamutes were used for military purposes in dog sledding during operations in cold regions, such as Norway and the Antarctic, and many dogs were destroyed.
The breed of dogs Alaskan Malamute resembles large wolves, has a large physique, wide, powerful chest, limbs of medium length, muscular and very strong. The tail is fluffy saber. These animals are generally distinguished by tremendous strength and endurance, which is visible in each of their movements. The head is large, the ears are erect, the scruff stands out clearly. The coat is long.
The breed Alaskan Malamute is known for having irrepressible, huge energy. If you live in a private house, be sure – your dog will repeatedly destroy your backyard – a lawn, a garden, vegetable beds – all this will turn into trenches and pits. By the way, it’s better to dig a fence deeper, or make a concrete foundation.
The best way to deal with this phenomenon is to train your dog to dig holes in one place, and accept the fact that several square meters of your site will be allocated specifically for these purposes. Weaning an animal from this is completely impossible, well – or very difficult. In addition, you are depriving him of great pleasure in life. If you live in a city apartment, keep in mind that he will nibble your shoes, furniture handles, door jambs.
These dogs need long walks, physical exercises, training and training, although it is difficult to train them and this is far from everyone’s shoulder. Therefore, Alaskan Malamute, a breed that is not recommended for inexperienced owners, or people with too soft character. They are wayward, often, so to speak, “on their own mind”, sometimes they may simply not listen to you, although you give a very clear command. This, of course, must be fought.
Even if these dogs recognize you as a leader, they, like the Siberian husky, will still from time to time try to test you for strength. Alaskan Malamute is playful, active, likes various entertainments and toys, likes to be in the center of attention, fooling around and having fun. These dogs treat people very well, and even strangers are perceived with friendliness.
If you manage to build the right, harmonious relationship with your pet, and put yourself in the role of a leader, for the whole family it will be a true friend and a wonderful companion. These dogs treat children very well and love to spend time with them. They are open and need human attention and communication, like to take part in the affairs of the family and feel themselves part of it.