The bullmastiff dog breed appeared as a result of experiments by breeders with mastiff and bulldog breeds. This happened because for the functions of tracking and hunting people (yes, you heard right) the mastiff, by itself, was good, but it lacked aggression and a dead grip. And the bulldog, despite the fact that he could very well grasp his victim, is not large enough and powerful, and therefore it is problematic for him to stop a person on the run.
Gamekeepers in England acted as breeders, who needed a dog that could catch and stop poachers in the forest. At the same time, the dog had to combine strength, speed, courage, large size and at the same time be silent enough not to scare the victim from afar with his bark, but, on the contrary, sneak up to it as close as possible, and then catch and tumble down with a quick jerk to the ground. Further work was already done by the rangers themselves, who usually followed the dog.
The main work of crossbreeding began in the year 1860, however, until the beginning of the 20th century, they did not breed as an independent breed of bullmastiff. In fact, everything happened in a narrow circle of experts, the mastiff and the bulldog were crossed among themselves, and the resulting dogs were called “night dog gamekeeper”.
In fact, he soon changed his role in catching poachers to the role of watchman and guard, since in this capacity he also had no equal. By its appearance, a bullmastiff can scare away an attacker, not to mention a fight with this large and fierce dog – an adult male can weigh up to 75, or even 80 kg. In the early stages, the breeders did not care about the appearance, with one exception – they needed a dark color so that the dog was not visible at night, while tracking poachers.
However, at the beginning of the 20th century, the situation changed. In 1901, a breeder named Burton from the Tornewood Kennel arranged a collective bet with the audience at a dog show. The prize – one pound – a considerable amount of money at that time (a worker at the plant could receive less per month). The task was to run the distance before this new, outlandish dog catches up with you and knocks you down. At that time, the breed was not yet widely known, and was not even recognized as a breed.
A volunteer was a man who worked as a guard in tandem with a dog, that is, there was experience, but this did not save him. He was knocked down three times, after which he was forced to abandon further attempts. In 1924, the British Kennel Club recognized this breed. American Kennel Club – 1933. Moreover, the first bullmastiff registered in the AKC was a dog with a very non-standard name – “Fascination of Felons Fear” (“Stunning Fear for Criminals”) in 1934.
This is a massive dog, heavy, and basically its weight is muscle mass. The chest is voluminous, wide, slightly protruding forward, the limbs of medium length, strong and muscular. The head is round, muzzle with a black mask, slightly flattened (bulldog genes), ears are folded. The tail is medium, the coat is short. Color can be red, fawn, brindle.
The bullmastiff dog breed is large, formidable with intruders, but very kind with its family, animals. They get along well in a family of any size, and, at the same time, can be a faithful and devoted friend of one owner. The breed has high adaptability to various living conditions, and even despite its large size, it may well live in a city apartment. Another question is that in a small apartment you yourself will be uncomfortable with such a large dog.
Bullmastiff has a balanced, and even calm character, but everything changes, if he feels a threat to loved ones – then he himself becomes a threat. And a serious threat. On the other hand, these dogs, in spite of their power and size, have no uncontrolled aggression, and can very well neutralize the offender and stop at this, keeping him lying down until the police arrive. Accordingly, this trend is reflected in fights with other dogs.
That is, the bullmastiff will not continue the fight if he sees that the enemy has retreated, or the owner takes control of the situation. This is a wonderful watchdog who is very vigilant, knows his territory and will protect the owner, house and family at the cost of his own life. There is no doubt about that.
And with all this, the dog has amazing patience in communicating with children – sometimes the owners say that there are no pranks that their pet could not endure from the child. Moreover, they have a rather high threshold of sensitivity, which, incidentally, requires additional attention, since it is not always clear that the dog is seriously ill or injured, because she may simply not feel this sharply enough and not show it.
A bullmastiff dog has an average energy level, needs walks, but can spend most of the day at home. By the way, if you often have to be alone – it’s okay. These animals love active games, like to spend time with the owner and loved ones.