The history of the Yorkshire Terrier began during the industrial revolution in England, when Scottish workers brought with them small dogs, which in those days were called the Paisley Terrier or the Clydesdale Terrier. Workers in those distant times lived in extremely unfavorable conditions, and rats in their more than modest houses were home to an unthinkable number, in fact, dogs were chosen specifically for fighting rodents.
Of course, those dogs were almost twice the size of modern Yorkshire terriers. Today, researchers cannot say for sure which dogs paisley terriers crossed, but they suggest that they were an English black and tan toy terrier, a sky terrier, and also, quite possibly, a water side terrier. In any case, the dog subsequently turned out to be very similar to the current Yorkshire Terrier, and has not changed much since then.
This dog was no longer suitable for catching rats, as it was very small, however, after showing on the so-called bench show in 1861, it began to gain popularity among the aristocracy. This is not surprising – a cute character, attractive appearance, non-standard wool that can grow very long, and gives great scope for the imagination of a dog hairdresser (groomer) – all this instantly attracted attention.
However, then they were not yet called the Yorkshire Terrier. The name appeared nine years later, in 1870. Most of all, the breed developed in Yorkshire, and therefore received the corresponding name. Huddersfield Ben, born in 1865, is considered the ancestor of the breed.
The Yorkshire Terrier was first registered in the British Kennel Club Stud Book in 1874, and the first club of these dogs in England appeared in 1898. The first mention of the birth of a dog of this breed in the United States dates from 1872, and participation in exhibitions in America began in 1878. Today, it is one of the most popular breeds of decorative dogs in the USA and Europe, and the CIS countries are no exception.
The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog, weighing about 2 kilograms, with a slightly flattened muzzle, a sharp nose, and round eyes. The main distinguishing feature, perhaps, is the wool – it can grow incredibly long.
It is believed that too small representatives of this breed are more prone to various genetic diseases. Paws are proportional to the body, the tail is short, it can be either bent or drooped. Ears are triangular, erect. The body is fragile, the neck is long.
Dog breed Yorkshire Terrier is a very cute and good-natured animals, the calling of which is to be the perfect companion for every person. They are not malignant, very open and like little children who live in a carefree world.
Sometimes you can meet the Yorkshire Terrier, who aggressively reacts to a stranger, barks at him or tries to grab by the leg – this is found. Usually, this is due to a lack of upbringing, which the dog owners themselves are to blame for, although you can not discount the heredity, which sometimes very much depends.
They love walks, games with other dogs, like to fool around and generally love different types of activity. They treat children very well, they are always happy to play with them. They tolerate the road and travel well, but they extremely poorly tolerate loneliness and separation from loved ones – this should be avoided if possible. Moreover, the dog is very small, it is easy to take it with you on the road, if you, for example, are going on vacation.
Despite the good nature, some individuals may exhibit excessive barking, or excessive quickness towards other dogs, including large ones. Especially in the presence of the hosts. This must be dealt with in the right way, otherwise barking about and without can be a headache for both the owner and others. On the other hand, in the circle of their beloved people, these dogs are extremely friendly and open.
They need early socialization in order to behave as harmoniously as possible in the circle of other animals and people. The Yorkshire Terrier is well suited as the first pet, although it requires attention and care. It adapts perfectly to various conditions of detention.
The Yorkshire Terrier breed is decorative, it is used exclusively as a companion dog, and therefore the number of teams that teach them is minimized. You definitely need to pay attention to the correction of behavior and the formation of the correct character in order for the animal to skillfully behave with different people in different situations.
In addition, it is imperative to focus on obedience, so that you can stop one or another rush at will. After all, if a toy dog begins to attack a large dog, and you do not have time to run away quickly enough, the result will be disastrous. First of all – for you and for your pet.
Please note that the Yorkshire Terrier is not capable of long-term concentration on tasks in the training process.