The Collie dog breed is truly legendary. She is grateful for her popularity, including the series “Lassie”, which appeared in the second half of the 20th century. This dog originated in Scotland, and then came to the territory of England along with nomadic tribes.
In ancient times, the collie breed was guarded by flocks of sheep, goats, and pigs – the collie dogs still perform this function in their homeland today. There are opinions that say that the dog came to Britain with Roman legionnaires and colonists, about 2000 years ago. Dogs of those times had a larger physique, like modern border collies, and possessed mainly black hair.
The first to seriously engage in the popularization of the breed was Queen Victoria herself – in 1860, visiting her estate in Scotland, she was moved to the core by the soft and good-natured nature of the collie, combined with their beauty and mind. With the filing of the Queen, they began to breed them at court, but, of course, not for grazing.
Collies were first shown at a dog show in 1860 in Birmingham, England, in a birth class known as Scotch Sheepdogs. In 1879, the first collie was imported into the United States, and after 7 years, August 26, 1886, the Collie Club of America was formed. Today it is one of the oldest cynological clubs not only in the United States, but also in the world.
These are large dogs with long, straight hair. The muzzle is elongated, the ears are small, the limbs and tail are long, the physique is lean. The volume given to the dogs by their thick and long hair can be misleading, which makes them seem to be large and muscular dogs, however, as a rule, this is not so.
Collie is a dog with a very kind and open character, it is the best friend of children and a smart companion for any person. Despite their ancient past, these dogs are poorly suited to perform protective or protective functions, especially against the background of competitive breeds. Their use as such in ancient times was due to the fact that people simply did not have an alternative. Although, like a shepherd dog, the breed shows itself perfectly.
As for helping people, there are no equal collies. In modern society, the help of an animal has long been reduced not only to grazing livestock or protecting the site from small predators.
Their soft, friendly character allows them to harmoniously join any family, expressing great devotion and feeling the internal state of the owners. In many ways, they also provide psychological assistance, as they are always ready to support with their love and warmth in difficult times. Despite the fact that it is far from being a fighting dog, it will protect the owner or his child with the dedication of a pit bull terrier. Collies create a deep inner connection with their loved one, or people, if it is a family, and can hardly endure separation.
To say that they are smart, to say nothing – some individuals really resemble Lassie from the famous television series. The developed intelligence of these dogs allows them to be wonderful guide dogs, nannies for children, just good companions for people of any age, including older people.
They are playful, like walking and need physical and mental activity. They agree well with other animals, including cats. Although, it’s better to accustom the collie to the presence of a cat from an early age. The character and intelligence are also affected by heredity.
Nowadays, collies usually have families with children, which is justified. This breed needs to communicate with the owner, other people and dogs, so to speak, for personal growth and broadening one’s horizons. They are easy enough to train teams and achieve obedience. Most importantly, remember that this is your friend with whom you sometimes need to be strict, sometimes patience, but never forget kindness.
Long thick hair requires combing once a week, although sometimes it is better to do it twice a week, especially during molting. Be sure to keep your pet’s ears and eyes clean and don’t forget to trim the claws. You need to bathe the dog 1-2 times a week.
Although collie dogs have good health, they still have a number of specific diseases, namely:
Dermatomyositis is a hereditary autoimmune skin disease. This disease causes lesions and muscle problems. Recent research suggests that perhaps at least 70 percent of collie dogs may be affected. Research is underway to identify genes that respond to this disease.
Nasal solar dermatitis is a condition in which the skin of the nose exfoliates and can lose color. If left untreated, it can even develop into cancer. Illness can be overcome by restricting exposure to sunlight, using sunscreen, or using black ink tattoos.
Collie eye anomaly. This hereditary disease sometimes leads to blindness. It causes changes and abnormalities in the eye, which may include:
hypoplasia of the choroid.