The Australian Terrier is a breed originally from Australia, as you probably guessed by the name. However, despite the fact that the breed is considered Australian, it originated from the British Terriers, which were introduced by the settlers. In the process of breed formation, various terriers crossed among themselves until a small, but very funny and largely useful companion was obtained.
This involved the Yorkshire, Skye Terrier, as well as the predecessor of the dandy dinmont terrier and wire-haired terrier. The first European settlers in Australia lived in rather harsh conditions, they had to start everything from scratch, in a new climate and in a completely different environment from their own. And therefore, the requirements for dogs that were supposed to share with them all the hardships of this life also corresponded.
That is why the Australian Terrier, although very small, is hardy and fearless, because it was required of him not only to be a guard dog, which can warn of danger. He also served as a hunter for rodents and small animals, and these instincts in the breed are still strong. They were used not only on farms, but also on gold mines for fishing snakes.
Surprisingly, not the Aussie (Australian Shepherd), namely the Australian Terrier, this is the first local breed to be officially recognized in Australia. They were first shown in 1868 in Melbourne as the “Australian Terrier with Long Hair”, and officially renamed the “Australian Terrier” in 1897.
Workers of the diplomatic service first brought these dogs to England in the first half of the 20th century, and the Australian Terrier received official recognition from the British Kennel Club in 1933. From Great Britain, the breed came to the United States, around the 40s, when soldiers and military journalists brought them from England during World War II.
In 1960, the Australian Terrier became the 114th breed recognized by the American Kennel Club, and, for 21 years (since 1939), the first new breed of terriers. The Club of Australian Terriers of America was founded in 1957 and became a member of the ACC in 1977.
These are small, well-built dogs with curly hair. Ears are erect, muzzle with a “beard”, limbs are short but proportional, tail is short. Color can be sand, red and blue with tan.
The breed of the Australian Terrier has a very open and playful character, which makes the life of others interesting – there is no doubt about it. However, the mood of the dog is directly related to the mood of the owners, as this breed is extremely attached to its owners. That is, it is so attached that it takes over the state of mind of loved ones. If you are happy, the dog will rejoice with you; if you are sad, she will share the sadness with you, lying peacefully next to him on the couch. And he won’t get whacky behavior at the wrong time – except occasionally.
The Australian Terrier is a breed that adores games, fun, entertainment and generally various types of activity. In fact, the activity does not have to consist of games, because if you live in a private house, the dog will definitely try to hunt rats, dig a hole in the yard or dig a mole hole, even trying to get to its owner. So an ideal lawn or a fresh bed is always at risk.
In general, any small animals and even cats (and sometimes especially cats) make the Australian Terrier want to hunt them. Moreover, if you train a dog to have a cat in the house, then all the other cats – that is, neighbors or homeless, street ones, will still remain enemies. You can wean the tendency to hunt various small animals, but you need to do this from a very young age.
Dominant character traits make the dog a little very funny, playful and always ready for fun. The breed has a certain subconscious attraction for people with disabilities, the elderly and children, which makes it a great companion for these groups of people. However, young children need to be careful, as the Australian Terrier has some edge of patience, and if the child crosses it, the dog will not tolerate. On the other hand, for a child, this is a great companion for games and entertainment, a best friend and faithful companion.
The Australian Terrier is always eager to take an active part in the daily affairs of his family, and loves to poke his cold little nose everywhere. Despite the fact that the dog likes to fool around, to be in the spotlight and sometimes even behave frankly stupidly, nevertheless, their intelligence is quite developed, they perfectly understand the person and can learn many commands. This makes them good companions for people with disabilities and older people.
During walks you need to be on your guard, as the pet may try to attack larger dogs, although usually the attack continues until the first fright.